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orbitswidget.cpp

/***************************************************************************
    begin                : Jun 23 2003
    copyright            : (C) 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006 by Carsten Niehaus
    email                : cniehaus@kde.org
 ***************************************************************************/

/***************************************************************************
 *                                                                         *
 *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify  *
 *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by  *
 *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or     *
 *   (at your option) any later version.                                   *
 *                                                                         *
 ***************************************************************************/

#include "orbitswidget.h"
#include "kalziumutils.h"
#include "kalziumdataobject.h"

//QT-Includes
#include <QLatin1String>
#include <QPainter>
#include <QVBoxLayout>

#include <KLocale>

#include <math.h>

static QStringList hulllist;

/**
 * @return the delta of the x-coordinate
 * @param r is the radius of the circle
 * @param angle is the n'st circle out of num
 * @param num is the number of circles
 */
inline static double translateToDX( double r, double angle, int num )
{
    const double t = 2 * M_PI * angle / num;
    return r * sin( t );
}

/**
 * @return the delta of the y-coordinate
 * @param r is the radius of the circle
 * @param angle is the n'st circle out of num
 * @param num is the number of circles
 */
inline static double translateToDY( double r, double angle, int num )
{
    const double t = 2 * M_PI * angle / num;
    return r * cos( t );
}

OrbitsWidget::OrbitsWidget( QWidget *parent ) : QWidget( parent )
{
    m_electronConf = new QLabel( this );
    m_electronConf->setIndent(20);
    QVBoxLayout *layout = new QVBoxLayout( m_electronConf );
    setLayout(layout);

    if ( hulllist.count() == 0 )
    {
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("1") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2") );     //Helium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 1") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 3") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 4") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 5") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 6") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 7") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8") );   //Neon
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 1") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 3") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 4") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 5") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 6") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 7") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 8") );  //Argon
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 8 1") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 8 2") );//Calcium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 9 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 10 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 11 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 13 1") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 13 2") );//Manganese
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 14 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 15 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 16 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 1") );//Copper
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 3") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 4") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 5") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 6") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 7") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 8") );//Krypton
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 8 1") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 8 2") );//Rubidium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 9 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 10 2") );//Zirconium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 12 1") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 13 1") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 14 1") );//Techneticum
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 15 1") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 16 1") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 18") );  //Palladium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 18 1") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 18 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 18 3") );//Indium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 18 4") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 18 5") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 18 6") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 18 7") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 18 8") );//Xenon
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 18 8 1") );//Caesium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 18 8 2") );//Barium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 18 9 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 20 8 2") );//Cerium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 21 8 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 22 8 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 23 8 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 24 8 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 25 8 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 25 9 2") );//Gadolinium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 27 8 2") );//Terbium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 28 8 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 29 8 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 30 8 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 31 8 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 8 2") );//Ytterbium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 9 2") );//Lutetium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 10 2") );//Hafnium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 11 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 12 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 13 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 14 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 15 2") );//Irdium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 17 1") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 18 1") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 18 2") );//Mercury
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 18 3") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 18 4") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 18 5") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 18 6") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 18 7") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 18 8") );//Radon
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 18 8 1") );//Francium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 18 8 2") );//Radium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 18 9 2") );//Actinium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 20 8 2") );//Thorium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 21 8 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 22 8 2") );//Uran
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 23 8 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 24 8 2") );//Plutonium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 25 8 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 26 8 2") );//Cm
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 27 8 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 28 8 2") );//Cf
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 29 8 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 30 8 2") );//Fm
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 31 8 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 32 8 2") );//Nobelium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 32 9 2") );//Lawrencium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 32 10 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 32 11 2") );//Dubnium (105)
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 32 12 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 32 13 2") );//Bohrium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 32 14 2") );
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 32 15 2") );//Mt
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 32 16 2") );//Darmstadtium
        hulllist.append( QLatin1String("2 8 18 32 32 17 2") );//Roentgenium
    }
}

void OrbitsWidget::setElementNumber( int num )
{
    Elemno = num;

    numOfElectrons.clear();
    QString o;
    if ( ( Elemno > 0 ) && ( Elemno <= hulllist.count() ) )
        o = hulllist[ Elemno-1 ];

    foreach( const QString& str, o.split( ' ', QString::SkipEmptyParts ) )
    numOfElectrons.append( str.toInt() );

    m_electronConf->setMinimumWidth(width());
    // setting the electronic configuration in the label.
    m_electronConf->setText(KalziumUtils::prettyUnit(KalziumDataObject::instance()->element( Elemno ),
                            ChemicalDataObject::electronicConfiguration ));
    update();
}

void OrbitsWidget::paintEvent(  QPaintEvent* )
{
    QPainter DC;
    DC.begin( this );
    DC.setRenderHint(  QPainter::Antialiasing, true );

    int min_size = qMin( width(), height() );
    int min_delta = min_size / 10;

    const int num = numOfElectrons.count();
    if ( num == 0 ) {
        DC.drawText( QPoint( width()/3, height()/3 ), i18n( "Unknown Electron Distribution" ) );
        return; // no orbits, do nothing
    }

    //make sure the biggest orbit fits in the widget
    //diameter
    int d = min_size - 2 * min_delta;

    //the radius of the current orbit
    int r = d / 2;

    //the radius of an 'electron'
    int r_electron = r/20;

    //difference to the previous circle
    int ddx = r / num;

    QList<int>::Iterator it = numOfElectrons.end();
    --it;

    for ( int i = 0 ; i < num ; ++i )
    {
        int mx = min_delta + ddx * i; //the x-coordinate for the current circle
        int my = min_delta + ddx * i; //the y-coordinate for the current circle

        DC.setBrush( Qt::NoBrush );
        DC.setPen( Qt::black );

        //draw the big ellipses in concentric circles
        DC.drawEllipse( mx , my , d , d);

        DC.setPen( Qt::NoPen );

        for ( int e = 0 ; e < *it ; ++e )
        {
            int x = (int)translateToDX( d/2.0, (double)e, *it );
            int y = (int)translateToDY( d/2.0, (double)e, *it );

            //Creating a gradient for the current electron.
            QRadialGradient grad( QPointF(x + mx + d/2 - r_electron/2, y + my + d/2 - r_electron/2), r_electron);
            grad.setColorAt(0, Qt::white);
            grad.setColorAt(0.2, Qt::yellow );
            grad.setColorAt(1, QColor(Qt::yellow).darker() );
            DC.setBrush( QBrush(grad) );

            DC.drawEllipse( x + mx + d/2 - r_electron,
                            y + my + d/2 - r_electron,
                            2*r_electron ,
                            2*r_electron );

        }
        --it;
        d -= 2 * ddx;
    }
}


#include "orbitswidget.moc"

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